What are the big 3 weightlifting?


The “Big Three” in weightlifting refer to the three fundamental compound exercises that have long been considered the cornerstone of strength training and powerlifting. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the details of these three foundational lifts, explaining their significance, benefits, and how to perform them correctly.

1. Squat

Type: Squat
Description: The squat is a lower body exercise where the lifter bends their knees to lower their hips until the tops of their thighs are at least parallel to the ground.
Significance: Squats are often hailed as the king of all exercises, targeting the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, lower back, and core. They are essential for building lower body strength and overall functional fitness.

Performing the Squat: Step by Step

  1. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart.
  2. Keep your chest up and your back straight.
  3. Lower your body by bending your knees and pushing your hips back.
  4. Descend until your thighs are parallel to the ground or lower.
  5. Push through your heels to return to the starting position.

Benefits of Squats

  • Full-Body Engagement: Targets multiple muscle groups, promoting balanced strength development.
  • Functional Movement: Mimics everyday activities like sitting and standing.
  • Hormonal Response: Stimulates the release of growth hormone and testosterone for muscle growth.

2. Bench Press

Type: Bench Press
Description: The bench press is a upper body exercise where the lifter lies on a flat bench and pushes a weight upwards, working the chest, shoulders, and triceps.
Significance: The bench press is a crucial upper body exercise for developing chest strength and size, as well as engaging the shoulders and triceps. It is a staple in powerlifting and bodybuilding routines.

Performing the Bench Press: Step by Step

  1. Lie flat on a bench with your feet flat on the ground.
  2. Grip the barbell slightly wider than shoulder-width apart.
  3. Lower the bar to your chest in a controlled manner.
  4. Push the bar back up to the starting position, extending your arms.
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Benefits of Bench Press

  • Chest Development: Primary exercise for building a strong and well-defined chest.
  • Upper Body Strength: Engages the shoulders and triceps, promoting balanced upper body development.
  • Progression and Versatility: Easily adjustable by adding weight plates, allowing for continuous challenge.

3. Deadlift

Type: Deadlift
Description: The deadlift is a full-body exercise where the lifter lifts a loaded barbell from the ground to an upright standing position.
Significance: Deadlifts are unparalleled in their ability to target the posterior chain, including the hamstrings, glutes, lower and upper back. They are essential for overall strength and functional movement patterns.

Performing the Deadlift: Step by Step

  1. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, toes under the barbell.
  2. Grip the barbell just outside your knees, keeping your arms straight.
  3. Push through your heels, lift your chest, and extend your hips and knees simultaneously to lift the bar.
  4. Maintain a neutral spine throughout the lift.
  5. Lower the barbell back to the ground in a controlled manner.

Benefits of Deadlifts

  • Full-Body Engagement: Targets major muscle groups, promoting overall strength and muscle development.
  • Posterior Chain Dominance: Emphasizes the hamstrings, glutes, and back muscles.
  • Functional Strength: Translates to real-life activities like lifting objects off the ground.

Conclusion: Integrating the “Big Three”

Incorporating the squat, bench press, and deadlift into your strength training regimen forms a solid foundation for building strength, muscle mass, and functional fitness. Remember to prioritize proper form, gradually increase weights, and seek guidance from fitness professionals when needed. These lifts have stood the test of time for a reason—they deliver results. By including the “Big Three” in your routine, you’ll embark on a well-rounded and effective weightlifting journey.

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